Science Education forms the basis for the full achievement of the Innovation Union and the European Research Area. Europe needs a skilled population, competent in science, technology, engineering and mathematics – the so-called STEM subjects. Europe needs its best minds to meet global interconnected societal challenges.
According to Strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), the strategic objective of the EU is to raise the levels of basic skills such as literacy and numeracy and to make mathematics, science and technology more attractive. Ensuring that the population has a good level of scientific literacy (understanding of science) is relevant not only because it is good for the economy, but also because it can benefit individuals and communities economically and socially, helping to promote active citizenship and enabling people to participate in, and shape, scientific and technological developments in society.